Bautista

Every Filipino knows how to sing the country’s national anthem, but where it was written is very little known. In 1899, Jose Palma, a poet and soldier from Tondo wrote “Filipinas” - a patriotic poem in Spanish while on vacation in Bautista, Pangasinan. Later on, Julian Felipe made it a song, translated in Filipino language and was officially titled as “Lupang Hinirang”. Casa Hacienda, the  century-old house located in Barangay Poblacion West where Palma wrote “Lupang Hinirang” still exists today but in a very derelict condition and is now home to informal settlers. This same house was used by Generals Emilio Aguinaldo, Antonio Luna, and  Douglas Mc Arthur their  headquarters in Luzon.   


Bautista is also known as the “Walis Tambo (broom) Capital of Pangasinan”. Broom-making is a main source of income for locals in this town particularly in Purok Tanubong. This place is also a namesake of tanubong, a type of grass that grows abundantly in remote meadows and riverbanks . Brooms made of tanubong are of higher quality than those made in Baguio which use tiger grass but ironically it is the one that’s sold in most markets in Luzon. A walis tanubong even after it gets wet, is still very functional because of its thicker and more flexible brush. Entirely hand-assembled,a broom is sold from Php 50 - Php 150 depending on its size. For now, these brooms are only available in the town of Bautista, Tarlac, and La Union.

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